Stanley is an autonomous Volkswagen Touareg that won the 2005 DARPA Grand Challenge. It completed the 212-kilometer (132-mile) desert course in the shortest time and claimed the $2 million prize.
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Did You Know?
More than 100,000 lines of code were used to give Stanley autonomous capabilities.
On 8 October 2005, Stanley crossed the finish line and became the first robot to complete the DARPA Grand Challenge.
In 2006, Stanley was part of an exhibit at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, in Washington, D.C., on the future of automated highways and smart cars.
- Equipped with AI software that integrates sensor data and uses machine learning and probabilistic reasoning to make driving decisions.
- N/A cm | N/A in
- 475.4 cm | 187.2 in
- 192.8 cm | 75.9 in
- 2400 kg | 5291 lb (car only)
- 61.2 km/h | 38 mph (top speed during race)
- Camera, two radars, GPS, six-axis inertial measurement unit, five Sick laser range finders.
- One DC motor attached to the steering column and one linear actuator attached to the gear shift (to change between drive, reverse, and parking). Custom interface for direct electronic actuation of throttle and brakes. Car engine: turbocharged five-cylinder in-line diesel.
- Vehicle alternator and custom power system with backup batteries
- Six Intel Pentium M computers, Gigabit Ethernet switch, and sensor interfaces.
- Linux OS. Custom software.
- DEGREES OF FREEDOM (DOF)