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Watson

Details

Watson is an AI system designed to answer natural language questions. It trounced the human competition in a special edition of Jeopardy!, and its first real-world application will involve healthcare data.

Creator
IBM
Country
United States πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ
Year
2011
Type
Research, Medical
Creator
IBM
Country
United States πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ
Year
2011
Type
Research, Medical

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Specs

FEATURES
Architecture based on embarrassingly parallel computations. Capable of performing 80 teraflops (trillion floating-point operations per second).
HEIGHT
200 cm | 78.7 in (approximate)
LENGTH
291.9 cm | 114.9 in
WIDTH
285.5 cm | 112.4 in
WEIGHT
7500 kg | 16534 lb (approximate)
SPEED
N/A km/h | N/A mph

SENSORS
N/A
ACTUATORS
N/A
POWER
External power supply
COMPUTING
90 clustered IBM Power 750 servers housed in 10 refrigerator-size racks with I/O nodes and communications hubs. Total of 2,880 POWER7 processor cores, 16 TB of RAM, and 21.6 TB of storage.
SOFTWARE
Watson is powered by the DeepQA (Deep Question Answering) analytics software developed by IBM Research. DeepQA is largely written in Java. Other important components are in C/C++ and Prolog. All components work with Apache UIMA (Unstructured Information Management Architecture), which provides the middleware framework for both interoperability and scalability. Watson uses IBM Java for Power systems, the LanguageWare tokenizer from IBM Content Analytics, the ESG parser from IBM Research, and Case Restoration analytics from IBM Research. Other open source analytics used in DeepQA include Indri and Apache Lucene text-search components and the Sesame RDF schema-based repository and querying facility. Hadoop is also used as part of the technology tool kit for generating runtime data sets. For software development the DeepQA research team uses Eclipse and Rational tools.
DEGREES OF FREEDOM (DOF)
N/A
MATERIALS
Lots of silicon and metal.
COST
N/A
STATUS
Ongoing
HISTORY
N/A
WEBSITE
http://www-03.ibm.com/innovation/us/watson/index.html